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Pilot Plants PID Eng & Tech
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FOUR RUNS MICROACTIVITY-Test Unit MAT ASTM D3907

This unit is a fully automatic and computerized laboratory reactor (described in ES2011993 patent) for the analysis of Fluid Cracking Catalysts (FCC). This MAT reactor is design to perform up to four independent and consecutive FCC test, following the norms described by the standard method ASTM D3907, in automatic mode without the presence of an operator.

The operator will be able to adjust for each independent experiment stream time, catalyst/oil relationship, reaction temperature, the regeneration times and temperature, gas flow, and other parameters.

With an excellent reaction temperature control and making use of a precise HPLC pump for gasoil dosification, even for very short reaction time (10 seg), this unit carry out reaction and regeneration in-situ and consecutives stages, with coke and gases analysis. The four liquid products obtained are collected in a cooled receiver until the end of the experiments

microactivity test unit mat astm

With an excellent reaction temperature control and making use of a precise HPLC pump for gasoil dosification, even for very short reaction time (10 seg), this unit carry out reaction and regeneration in-situ and consecutives stages, with coke and gases analysis. The four liquid products obtained are collected in a cooled receiver until the end of the experiments

CSTR

This “Owner Configured” Computerized and automatic pilot plant is based on a CSTR (from 100cc up to 4L and many different alternatives) and the operation is supported by many optional devices as MFC´s, pumps, pre-heaters, separators, pressure control systems,... Customer can design his own pilot plant using for it so many options as required for his operation needed, using for it a configuration sheet.

Technology applied is at the top worldwide. Standarized system becomes short production delivery time and confidence on his performances. The Plant will be High Pressure Certified PED/97/23/EC.

Gases

Until six (n) continuous gases feed lines to reactor. Flow control system by Mass Flow Controllers (Bronkhost High-Tech), including manual valves, check valves, fitting and accessories (P&ID diagram). Gases line preheating system including temperature control loop can be installed.

Liquids

Up to two liquid feed lines can be installed as standard. Pumps can be selected for micro-flow (HPLC from Gilson) or standard process pumps (Dosapro) for different pressures and flows. Relief valves for calibration, check valves, manometers and usual safety devices will be installed. Liquid lines preheating/evaporating systems can be selected. Inertized vessels, tracings and all usual features can be installed.

Stirred Tank Reactor

A stirred tank reactor from Autoclave Engineers, Magnedrive agitator, is the main device of the plant. MOC (SS316, Hastelloy C,…), P@T and volume will be selected by the customer using the configuration sheet.

All safety or operational devices as manometers rupture disk, safety valve and vent valves or sample valves will be included. Also other extra options can be selected. Motor is 3PH but operate with 1PH 220VAC. The temperature control system for reactor, by electrical oven (220 VAC) and alarm cooling system is included. Reaction temperature is measured inside the reactor through a type K thermocouple.

Power control is based on Phase Angle Control (PAC) voltage supply. Overtemperature alarm is also included.

REACTOR TYPE PREASURE RATING
ZipperClave (fast sealing system) 151bar@232ºC
Eze-Seal 227bar@454ºC
Bolted Closure 400bar@343ºC
Bolted Closure HT 350bar@510ºC
010- 100ml 030- 300ml 050- 500ml

100- 1 Liter 200- 2 Liter 400- 4 Liter

Agitation

agitation
  • Magnetic Drive system “Magnedrive” between the motor and the stirrer.
  • Stirrer speeds up to 3300 rpm. Stirring speed sensor.
  • Control and display of stirring speed
  • The “dispersimax” turbine-type impeller suitable for gas/liquid reactions.

Internal Accesories

  • Cooling Coil. Thermowell.
  • Liquid Sample tube with valve.
  • Blow Pipe with valve.
  • Sparge Tube with valve.

Heating/Cooling

  • Heating with electrical resistance in the vessel of reactor.
  • Optional jacket to heat thermal with fluid.
  • Cooling with internal cooling coil or external baffled jacket.
internal accesories

WAX COLLECTOR AT HIGH PRESSURE

Fisher-Tropsch reactions (GTL) can be conducted at this CSTR pilot plant using the waxes SS316 temperature controlled separator system and an optional switching valve for avoid plugging at the liquid outlet filter. This L/G separator system includes level control based on a differential pressure meter and liquid outlet control valve, also includes heating tracing lines.

Also weight scale can be selected on the configuration sheet for real time acquisition on computer.

THE TWO LIQUID PHASES–GAS SEPARATOR AT HIGH PRESSURE

A SS316 liquid1-liquid2-gas patented separator system with no dead volume, allows L/G separation even when water and hydrocar bons are obtained simultaneously at reactor outlet. Level dead volume is nearly 1cc for each liquid phase, which implies real time liquid outlet, no accumulation.

Level control system includes liquid outlet control valve for each liquid outlet. Two models (L/G or L/L/G) can be selected by the user.

Type of temperature control also can be selected. One or two weight scales for real time acquisition on computer can be selected. Pressure control system for the reactor or , when a fractionation is needed, two different pressure controllers for reactor and separators can be selected. Pressure control is based on the patented PID Eng&Tech microregulation servocontrolled valve (at this brochure). Overpressure interlocks with feeding and oven are installed.

COMPUTER SYSTEM

Control system based on distributed PID controllers and remote computerized supervision and automation (for process recipes). PC and Process@ software is included. Engineering and documentation

HIGH THROUGHPUT MULTIREACTOR SYSTEM (8X / 16X)

high troughput multireactor system
modular concept

8/16 x modular reactor

Completely independent parallel reactor system

Independent gas and liquid feed

Independent reactor temperature

Independent pressure control

Independent L/L/G separation system

Independent liquid weighing balance

Independent liquid multisampler

Programmable multi-sampler (8 ports)

2 GC-MS connected for online analysis

Several multi-way valves for

automatic sampling

1 GC-MS for for tray 150 liquid samples

 

 
 

GASIFICATION

Due to the renewed interest on innovative ways to convert the existing fuel reserves with improved technologies like gasification, PID Eng&Tech has worked in collaboration with important researches in the field of gasification in order to develop the most versatile pilot plant existing in the market nowadays. Its versatility and complete automatization, allows the user to determine optimal experimental conditions and detecting possible operational problem in industrial gasifiers.

The most outstanding feature of the plant is its feeding system (pending patent), which  has been developed by PID Eng&Tech and can feed up to 1.5 kg/h of different solids and mixtures in an homogenous, constant and reproducible way. The design of the system prevents hot gases from entering in the feeding hopper, which would ruin the experiment.

gasification

FLUIDIZED REACTOR

  • The reactor is divided in reactor zone and freeboard zone.
    The operating homogeneous temperature is up to 900ºC.
    Reactor zone is Ø = 3” and length = 770 mm. Freeboard zone is Ø = 5” and       length = 535 mm.
  • The pressure is measured drop inside reactor, for fluidization speed determination.
  • Particle removal system is installed to collect char and ashes from bed in continuous during the experiments.
  • The radiant type furnace reaches 1000ºC and has two zones to improve the uniform temperature.

Gasifying agent inlets

  • Gases streams (air, O2) for fluidize the bed and gasify are preheated up to 350ºC - 400 ºC.
  • Water is fed by means of an alternative positive displacement pump and vaporized up to 350ºC - 400 ºC.
  • Secondary air is introduced in the middle of the reactor.

Feeding system

Continuous and non-fluctuation feeding system consists of 10 litres hopper and two screw feeders. The solid flow is constant from 0.2 to 1.5 Kg/h.

  • A nitrogen flow will continuously flush the dosing screw, promoting the motion of the solids.

Cyclones

  • Two cyclones connected in series and heated up to 400ºC, allow removing solid particles from gas stream.

Products condenser

  • A SS316 Shell and multitube heat exchanger is used to cool the hot gases and condense tar and steam.

Filters

  • Two filter placed in parallel allows to cleaning product gas from smaller particles which are not separated in cyclones.

Control system

  • A Programmable Logic Controller controls the alarms of the plant, launching the corresponding actions in case of failure.
  • The software is responsible of process monitorization, data acquisition and registration and experiment automation.

Options

  • Liquid feeding system (for glycerin).
  • Scrubber.
  • Gas meter.
  • Burner.
  • Tar collection system.
  • Additional hopper for solid feeding system.

POLIMERIZATION

The Polymerization Micro-Pilot Plant, developed by PID Eng&Tech , is designed for continuous production at microscale.

PID Eng&Tech in co-operation with important Research and Technology Centres by means of different Collaboration Projects has developed a pilot plant to produce polyolefins. The plant comprises two continuous stirred-tank reactors that operate in series.

The plant includes a pre-treating raw material area and a reaction area consisting of two reactor vessels. PID Eng&Tech computerized process control system allows a direct control of temperature, level, pressure and gas composition in the reactors. Micro-Pilot Plant is fully automatized and all of the process parameters, as gas and liquid flows, operating pressure and temperature, residence time per reactor, etc., can be selected by user, or modified in a wide range.

gasification

PID Eng&Tech has developed in collaboration with ICP (Catalyst and Petrochemical Institute of CSIC, Spain) systems and devices for solid addition and for catalyst and polymer slurry driving between different reaction steps. These mechanisms have been specifically designed for performing the process at microscale.

Feed and conditioning of gas and liquid feed stocks

  • Gas lines: monomers and comonomers feed streams and nitrogen lines for inertization purposes.
  • Solvent lines: Catalyst and cocatalyst feed line.

Reactors and flashes

The plant comprises three SS316 stirred tanks with high pressure closure system. Each one is provided with a magnetically coupled stirred head, a heating jacket, cooling coil, valves and accessories. In addition to temperature, pressure and agitation speed control, composition relations are measure continuously, near-real time.

In this way, the integrated control pressure/relation loop allows the user to work holding simultaneously a stable desired pressure and a stable desired relations during the reaction time.

Distributed control system

All the process variables are controlled by distributed PID controllers. The control system modules are linked with PC by means of a Process@ software for remote control by digital communications. Remote control will be mean Ethernet way. The system can be controlled manually or automatically, locally or remotely.

All the process and control variables and parameters are registered in only one software application. In addition, software allows the operator to design automatic procedures for design and automate the run.

Safety system

Plant has several independent safety levels: automatic switch off in case of any problem, pressure, level and temperature security systems; all of that based on a Programmable logic controller (PLC) device independent of PC. PLC manages the alarm signals from controllers. In addition, actuated valves are configured according to good safety practices.

SUPERCRITICAL EXTRACTION

supercritical extraction
four types of sfe plants

CUSTOM MADE

Improving competitiveness in the industry is sharply marked by developing new products with high quality features and a high added value. Continuous and automatic pilot plants that can simulate industrial processes at the laboratory level with reasonable scalability are essential for seeking new products, improving the quality of existing ones and developing new processes.

These systems high degree of complexity, their high number of operating variables and the interrelationship among them requires an exhaustive study of the instrumentation and control in order to attain results provided by these systems that are representative and reproducible.

An initial commitment toward development, the experience accumulated during 20 years carrying out projects, and strong involvement with customers during the implementation and operation stages accredit PID Eng&Tech as specialists in designing and building pilot plants and laboratory reactors.

simulated chromatology

Simulated Moving Bed Reactor

biodiesel pilot plant

Serial/Parallel Biodiesel continuos reactor

gasification pilot plant

High Pressure Co-Gasification with recirculation


catalytic cracking plastics

Catalytic cracking of Plastics

microchannel

Reforming and Prox in Microchannel reactor

biomass

Slow Pyrolisis Screw reactor


subsea

Hydrates Pilot Plant

biomass

Atmospheric Pressure Gasification Reactor